Porsche is an automaker German founded in 1931 by Ferry Porsche , son of Ferdinand Porsche , the engineer who created the first Volkswagen . The company is headquartered in Zuffenhausen , a suburb of Stuttgart . The main factories are located to the manufacturer Leipzig and Zuffenhausen.
Porsche is the manufacturer automobile the most profitable in history and that almost all of the supply and delivery through the rail (without an endless stream of trucks) [ref. required] . Porsche is currently the tenth group brand Volkswagen .
The Porsche Group whose head office is located in Stuttgart is the automaker and the group’s most profitable companies in the world in terms of operating margin 1 . He realized during the 2008-2009 fiscal year a turnover of 11.63 billion euros and a net profit of 9.80 billion euros 2 . It is owned by half a Porsche and Piëch families. They own all the shares voting. The remaining 50% are split between private and institutional shareholders. The market capitalization of the company is 7.98 billion euros in January 2009. In a first quarter 2009, the company employed 12,774 employees 3 .
However, in late 2009, when the financial crisis, the Porsche firm could no longer refinance a short-term loan of $ 10 billion it had contracted to ensure control of Volkswagen. The firm’s most profitable automobile was on the verge of bankruptcy. Thus finally, after a tussle a year, it’s the Porsche Company which was swallowed up by Volkswagen 4 .
Two Tiger II Porsche turret equipped
Porsche 356 Speedster
2010 Porsche 911 GT2 RS
Porsche 993 GT2 (Right) on the port of Cannes
The first Porsche was the model 64 available in 1938 5 . The second model was the 356 of 1948 built in Gmünd in Austria , where the company was evacuated in 1944, but after building cars forty-nine she returned to Zuffenhausen. Ferdinand died soon after and his son Ferry Porsche who took the reins. The 356 was a Volkswagen Beetle modified. The last came out with a four-cylinder boxer totally designed by Porsche.
Historically, the first draft of the 911 in 1959, the final version, meanwhile, was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1963. The 911 had to keep a family resemblance to the 356. In the engine compartment, we opted for a six-cylinder 2-liter , lighter, air cooled, and always placed at the rear. His first name was “901″, but Peugeot has filed all numbers with a central zero, it was abandoned in favor of the current designation “911″. Thus was born the 911 which, therefore, has continued to evolve with its engine ” boxer “torque exciting and pleasing his fans.
Ferdinand Porsche was a weapons manufacturer in the service of Nazi Germany . He was responsible for the design of several German tanks, whose Jagdpanzer Elefant (also named Ferdinand, named after its manufacturer), the Volkswagen Kübelwagen , a vehicle similar to the Jeep and American derivative of the Beetle . He presented a study on a heavy tank, the future Tiger , market, however, was won by Henschel , and another on its successor, the Tiger II , and although once again the market was won by Henschel , turret type Porsche was put into production at a time as that of Henschel, better than Porsche, is produced. Porsche also developed a project of super-heavy tank, the Maus , even though he was skeptical about its outcome. At the end of the war, Ferdinand Porsche narrowly escaped a trial. Porsche has continued its weapons production, the firm has been contacted for example the development of a successor to Leopard I , the future Leopard II .
In 1963 , after success in the race, the Porsche 911 was launched with a six-cylinder boxer. This model is the reference brand. Over the years, industrial relations with Volkswagen and subsidiary Audi remained very close.
The little son of Ferdinand, Ferdinand Piech , still its largest shareholder in 2009, was the executive chairman of Volkswagen. The current is Martin Winterkorn previously at Audi , Piech has assumed the chairmanship of the supervisory board (oversight body rather than direction) of Volkswagen.
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Since September 2005, Porsche has decided to increase its ownership in Volkswagen with which he has always maintained close ties (VW-Porsche 914, Audi RS2 Porsche 924). The Porsche Cayenne is also sharing its platform with the VW Touareg . This participation has increased further in 2006 to 27.4% of the capital, Porsche is reserving the right to rise up to 29.9% (exceeding the threshold of 30% would require it to legally launch a takeover bid ). During the summer of 2006, Porsche receives approval from the German state to take a blocking minority in VW, thereby taking control 6 .
After crossing the 30% stake, the brand of sports cars has been forced by market regulations to launch a takeover bid on the remaining capital. But the operation failed, Porsche deliberately offering a price too low. Since August 2007, the group tries to increase its stake in Volkswagen 7 . Porsche had 50.76% stake in Volkswagen from January 6, 2009 and announced plans to climb to 75% by the end of 2009 8 .
In 2009, while trying to acquire a controlling stake in Volkswagen, Porsche has accumulated a large debt. She is unable to meet its financial commitments as Volkswagen saw its stock rise significantly during the previous year, allowing Porsche to make a significant profit on paper. According to German tax laws, Porsche must pay tax on this gain, the amount of money it does not possess. In July 2009, Porsche Denver Divorce Attorney has accumulated debts exceeding 10 billion euros . To avoid bankruptcy, Porsche has accepted the conditions imposed by the Qatar Investment Authority , which will inject a significant amount in Porsche while forcing it to merge its operations with Volkswagen 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 .
Porsche presented at the Challenge Bibendum in May 2011 a prototype electric car: the Boxster E, exists in several versions. No launch date has been announced yet, but it is likely that Porsche electric cars are available on the market in future “relatively close” 13 .
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The endurance race of Le Mans 24 Hours has been particularly successful in Porsche since it has been won sixteen times by the mark, not counting the victories by categories.
Each year, the Porsche Cup award for the best driver using a private Porsche racing endurance and GT racing.
In Formula 1 , Porsche supplied the engines for McLaren from 1984 to 1987 (under the name TAG Techniques d’Avant Garde ).
Porsche has a reputation for producing vehicles that, despite their high performance, are reliable enough to be used in everyday life, having it in a different approach to competing manufacturers like Ferrari or Lamborghini .
Porsche has provided a counseling service for many brands like Studebaker , RUF Automobile GmbH , SEAT , Daewoo , Mercedes-Benz , Peugeot , Lada , Audi and Subaru , and the origin of the revival of Harley-Davidson .
Models Porsche Cayenne and Porsche Panamera is assembled in a new plant in Leipzig , where was the supercar Carrera GT . The 911, Boxster and Cayman are assembled in the factory in Zuffenhausen , and part of the Boxster is subcontracted by the manufacturer Valmet in Finland.
Coat of arms of Stuttgart
The Porsche logo crest is inspired by the Stuttgart 14 , surmounting one of the popular Free State of Württemberg
Main article: Ferdinand Porsche
Born in Maffesdorf (then in Austria , now in the Czech Republic ), on September 3rd of 1875 and was the third of five children of Anton Porsche, engineer and entrepreneur. From teenager became interested in experimenting with electricity. In 1893 he joined Brown Boveri, Vienna , an electrical company. It proved to be denver injury attorney a great professional and rose rapidly. By 1898 it became part of the car division of Jacob Lohner, also in Vienna. In the Universal Exhibition of 1900 in Paris , presented the Lohner-Porsche electric car, powered by 4 electric motors integrated in the wheels of the car.
Ferdinand drove their own designs on careers in the early twentieth century getting some wins. In 1906 became technical director of Austro-Daimler. Porsche won in 1910 the Prinz-Heinrich Farht with Austro-Daimler, another of his cars occupying the 2nd place. Later he was promoted to general manager. In denver injury attorney 1922 the famous Sascha wins the Targa Florio in its class (engine 4 cylinders and 1.1 liters).
In 1923 he was hired by Mercedes as technical director. There is in charge of developing supercharged engines of the brand, winning in 1924 the Targa Florio in the absolute ranking. Merits made him an honorary doctorate be in engineering by the Technische Hochschule in Stuttgart . Porsche left his mark on Mercedes-Benz for the whole story, since it commissioned the design of the magnificent Mercedes-Benz S, SS and SSK.
The Project Office
After a brief stay in Steyr , created the office of engineering and design on April 25th of 1931 in Stuttgart . The first project was called No. 7 because they did not want to know that was the first. His first assignment was to relevant Auto Union for a grand prix car with 16-cylinder engine: the Auto Union P-Wagen (Porsche Type 22), who won one out of two races he participated.
Porsche had long thought to build a quality car and popular, that was not a toy version of the traditional sedan. This desire could be realized thanks to the order received from the administration Nazi during 1934. Thus in the project workshop in Zuffenhausen (Stuttgart) created the first prototype test Volkswagen called “V 1″, this was followed by prototypes such as the “V 3″ and finally “VW 30″. Then was the year 1938 and the war was about to explode, so plans to mass produce the Volkswagen Type 1 were parked, manufactured in 1940 a military version of it.
The World War 2
Volkswagen Type 1.
The first Porsche, the original 356, 1948.
Porsche 356B Cabriolet, 1959.
Porsche 550 Spyder, famous for the deadly crash of James Dean .
Porsche 912, the brother of 4-cylinder 911.
Porsche 924, the first front-engine.
Porsche 928 S4.
Porsche 959, owned by Ralph Lauren .
Porsche 911 (964) Carrera 4, 1991.
Porsche 968 CS (Club Sport).
Porsche 986 Boxster.
Porsche 911 (996) Carrera 4.
Porsche 911 (997), 2004.
Porsche Carrera GT, 2003.
Porsche 997 GT3 , 2009.
Porsche RSK Spyder, 1959.
IMSA Porsche 962 Mario Andretti.
La Sarthe circuit, which hosts the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
Night view of the Daytona circuit, where the 935 won 6 consecutive 24 hours of Daytona.
Porsche 917/20 “Pink Pig”.
Porsche 917/30 Can-Am, 1100CV, 1973.
During the war the Porsche study dealt with the design of military equipment such as tank or version Mouse and all-terrain amphibious Volkswagen ( Kubelwagen ).
Allied bombing forced the relocation of the Porsche from its facilities in Zuffenhausen in Gmünd, Austria, in 1944. In 1945, after the war, as part of war reparations, VW was offered to the French. However, the objections of French industry did not carry out the transfer. Ferdinand Porsche, along with his son Ferry and his son Anton Piëch (grandfather of Ferdinand Piech, VW’s future president), were arrested and imprisoned in a medieval prison in Dijon, France, for having used slave labor in his factory where Nibelungenwerke produced military vehicles for the Nazis. Ferry soon be rid of the conviction, but Ferdinand Piech and 2 years were sentenced without trial. During this confinement, he was forced to work on designs for Renault, which would leave the future 4CV model.
His son Ferry Porsche attempted to recover the company, also fixing other vehicles and engines, and making prototypes for others, like the 360 Cisitalia racing, 4 wheel drive and a 1.5 supercharged engine for Italian industrialist Piero Dusio, which was revised project by Ferdinand to his release from prison and filled him with pride at how well done it was the work of his son.
Ferry presented the first model of the current Porsche, the 356, in June 1948, based on the VW. The first benefits of the vehicle used to deliver his father from prison. The 356 initially fabricate handmade in the Austrian town of Gmünd, and later, in 1949, the family would move production Porsche and Stuttgart.
Ferdinand Porsche was also hired by VW as a consultant, and received a royalty for every “Volkswagen Type 1″ occurred, which provided significant income to the family, given the success of the model which had its silk upholstery.
In the late 1950s, suffered a stroke, which would not recover, and would die weeks later, on January 30, 1951, driving on the road watching the sport with his name.
In 1999, posthumously, was named Engineer of the Twentieth Century Automotive.
Ferry Porsche was born on September 19 of 1909 , he collaborated with his father since in 1931 opened his own design office and took on responsibilities. Ferry was responsible for research and development department in the Volkswagen project. Ferry with Karl Rabe and Erwin Komenda start in 1947 the study of a sporty two-seater on the Volkswagen project No 356 that would become the first Porsche 356, the first in the history of the brand. The original Porsche is a mid-engined two-seater roadster body and aluminum . The motor was a Volkswagen, but modified to 35CV at 4000 rpm . This first 356 was very different from the later 356 series. This prototype Porsche left the workshop in Gmünd (an old sawmill).
For reasons of cost and practicality, the prototype was modified to give the 356 coupe with rear engine, making a Porsche tradition today. In 1948 the production of 356 in Austria was slow because there was everything. From 1949 , after returning to Stuttgart, improved the rate of production, so he asked the German coachbuilder Reutter participation, 14 years after Porsche buy all shares of Reutter GmbH. At the Geneva Motor Show of 1949 first introduced the Porsche 356 coupe and convertible.
Back to Stuttgart
In the summer of 1949 preparing for the relocation of production to Stuttgart, and they knew they would free the U.S. military facilities in Zuffenhausen after one year. At the beginning of the 50 signed an agreement between Volkswagen and Porsche for the first furnish to the second component.
The last Austrian Porsche builds the March 20th of 1951 , having produced about sixty coupe with aluminum bodywork. The new 356-bodied Germans will be steel . The first of these leaves in March 1950 . In 1951, Porsche debuted officially in competition, winning the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the category up to 1100cc. At the end of 1952 appears the Porsche emblem, consisting of coats of Stuttgart and Baden-Württemberg .
In 1955 it introduced the 356A. Coinciding with the 25th anniversary of the founding of the Porsche design office, leaving the Porsche production line No. 10000, a 356A coupe. Gradually they lose their inheritance Porsche Volkswagen with increasingly powerful engines and larger displacement, as evidenced by the 356A Carrera 1500 of 1956 which developed 100 hp and reached 200km / h. Also in the mid-50 joins the second factory in Zuffenhausen. At the Frankfurt Motor Show of 1959 shows the 356B. On November 1st of 1960 the factory became operational No. 3 and two months later comes the Porsche 356 n ° 40000.
The latest generation of the first model of the brand was launched in 1963 under the name 356C, which remained in production until April 28th of 1965 , after 17 years of success and 76,302 units produced. By now there were hundreds of 911 rolling down the road.
The 911 and consolidation
In the mid-50, Porsche is thinking of the need to create a substitute for 356. It had to be a new car because the evolution of the 356 range and was limited by its original Volkswagen. This new model became the priority of the engineers and designers of the brand. For his conception had only two basic premises: the engine had to be back and be cooled by air (as in 356). In subsequent meetings between Ferry and his colleagues were specifying characteristics of the vehicle: an engine was preferred boxer , should be longer than its predecessor to make more room for passengers and tail of the car had to be kind fastback . In the end they decided to sacrifice the space for rear passengers, leaving it as a 2 +2.
The chosen design for the new model was the work of Butzi Porsche, Ferry’s son, whose basic forms have endured for 40 years. For the engine, the final decision was to opt for a new 6-cylinder Boxer, air cooled, 1991 cc . and 130 hp, built by engineer Hans Mezger, whose base is used to generate the 911 to 997, dating from late 2011, and whose palms are impressive victories at the Monte Carlo Rally, Le Mans, CanAm, Dakar , F1, and so on. In engine development also involved a young Ferdinand Piech Porsche, the engineer who created the Audi Quattro and became president of the Volkswagen group.
Thus, in the Frankfurt Motor Show in 1963 presented the new Porsche 901. Peugeot claimed the exclusive right to use names of three figures with a zero in the middle so to avoid problems, gave Porsche and November 10 of 1964 the name was born 911 .
According to the 911 range is diversified with more powerful versions are also more expensive. This 911 right away many potential buyers. For this reason and to provide a substitute for 4-cylinder to 356, came out an economic version of the 911, equipped with a 1600 engine and equipment reduced. The 911 4-cylinder 912 was called, was 25% cheaper and 90 hp, but gave up the high performance. The 912 was a great success both in Europe and in America in three years and sold over 30000 units.
1969 was an important year: renewing the 911, which goes from 2.0 to 2.2 (in versions T, E and S 125, 155 and 180 hp respectively) and the 912 is replaced by the 914, but much criticized model sold right. During the 70 the 911 continued to evolve and increase in displacement and power. In 1973 appears the 911 Carrera RS sports version designed for homologation for competition and with 210 hp in street version sold better than expected. In 1975 the 914 retires after nearly 120,000 cars sold. In 1974 , the 911 suffers its first important aesthetic changes with the arrival of 911 2.7.
In the second half of the 70 range was enriched and expanded with new models: the 930/911 Turbo, the 912E, the 924 and 928. The latter had devised as a substitute for 911 and was radically different: front V8 engine, water cooled, heavy equipment and luxurious. In 1978 , the 928 was awarded the title of Car of the Year in Europe , being the only major tourism clinch the award. Following the line started with the 924 and 928, in 1981 they are joined by the 944.
When the 911 should have ended his days under the weight of 944 and 928, it was not, and in 1983 is added to the 911SC convertible version. 911, instead of going to the cemetery, reborn in 1984 . He received a thorough redesign and becomes the 911 Carrera 3.2 with 231 hp, which ended up being one of the widest ranges of this model: coupe, targa, cabriolet, speedster, turbo look more choice and own 911 Turbo 3.3 to 300 CV.
Designed to compete in Group B, it appears the first Porsche 4×4, 959, presented as a prototype in 1984 . He debuted in competition at the Paris-Dakar 1985. Delays in production could not be assumed that before the ban approved in group B in 1987 , so the Super-Porsche was unable to rally world . The 250 copies made became, next to the Ferrari F40 and Lamborghini Countach in the supercar par excellence of the 80 . Currently 911 is the “flagship” brand.
The crisis and the new start
Since late 1980 the results and the company’s sales suffer and start to accumulate failures. A crisis was brewing came to question the survival of Porsche in early 1990′s . In 1984, Porsche sales were 50,000 cars, at the beginning of the new decade were half. Particularly alarming was the fall in sales in the United States : in 1984 absorbed 50% of production while in 1991 only managed to sell 6,000 Porsches.
This was reflected in the model range. In 1988 the 924 is removed without being replaced. In 1991 appears the latest version of 928, the 928GTS would be removed almost unnoticed in 1995 . Also in 1991 the 968 was introduced as a Denver Divorce Attorney substitute for 944, which was a complete failure. Was discontinued in 1995 after 11,602 units assembled, far fewer than expected. The 911 was aging from competition, had to change and in 1989 shows the 911/964 with a 250 hp engine offering, which had the mission to be the mainstay of Porsche for the following years. It was the first Porsche model to bring four-wheel drive, which formed the first Carrera 4 . The new 911 was unable to fulfill its mission. Furthermore, the construction of the 911/964 proved to be very expensive.
With this scenario, Porsche entered the 90′s with a huge concern. They only had one letter and could not go wrong. He had to simplify the range to cut costs and had to concentrate financial resources on creating a 911 success. Was assigned to a veteran of the brand, Peter Falk, the development of a comprehensive dossier on which would define the future development patterns of 911/993. This dossier takes precedence above all agility. So the new model should revolve around agility, handling and youth. To improve agility decided completely redesign the rear. At the end of the 911/993 did not inherit anything from the 964 except for the roofline. On the other hand, the simplification of the range was extreme, leaving the 911/993 as the only model for a few months in 1995-1996.
The 911 Carrera Coupe (993) debuted in December 1993 , with a new engine offering 272 hp. The 993, unlike its predecessor, itself was a success, sales recovered and was profitable. This meant that over time the 993 would expand the number of bodies and to receive a slight increase in power up to 282 hp. The 993 range is added the new Turbo 408 hp in 1995 , and later, came the Turbo S to 450 hp. limited edition.
To get beyond the downturn, the mark is encouraged to produce the Boxster in the spring of 96, although the prototype had been introduced three years earlier. The Boxster was developed with the future 911/996 that would come in 1997. The aim was that both vehicles consequent sharing of the greater number of pieces possible to contain costs and improve productivity (two causes of economic problems mentioned above).
1997 was a good year for Porsche. He had left behind the difficulties, the 993 was a success, the Boxster sold well, was beginning to regain its image and management by the new chairman, Wendelin Wiedeking, seemed efficient. In addition, left to market the new 911, the first with water cooled engine. This was the last model of the brand came to the presentation of which Ferry Porsche, who died March 27 of 1998 . In 2003 , Porsche celebrates the 40th anniversary of the 911 in the best way possible because the 911/996 became one of the best sellers of this long-running saga, and did so with a limited edition of 1963 copies of 911, with a mix design the basic 911 and the Carrera 4S and an evolution of the engine to 345 hp.
In 2002 , Volkswagen inaugurated its new factory in Leipzig , from where the new Cayenne, Porsche’s first all-terrain and the first to be used to travel with family. The Cayenne supposed to enter a much larger segment than the sport, as evidenced by its level of sales, about 30,000 units annually. It was a resounding success. In 2003 , add the super 612 hp Carrera GT. The following year he renewed the Boxster (987) and 911 (997), and in 2005 appears a fifth model, the Cayman derivative 987 and 997. In 2008, Porsche introduced the new 997 MkII. This renewal does change the headlights and rear, incorporating the latest fashions of the LED. One of the great additions to the 997 MkII is the new Porsche automatic gearbox (PDK), leaving behind Tiptronic. One feature of this new gearbox is to incorporate a steering wheel paddles with which to operate them, it shifts gears. The following models will incorporate the PDK Porsche. It also announced its intention to market a 4-door sedan for 2009 with the name Panamera , and recently rumored about a supercoupe derived from that saloon.
Today’s son returns home to Volkswagen, Porsche is once again under the tutelage of VW, since this is the majority owner of it.
Porsche’s success in competition has been immense, amounting to more than 25,000 victories in all sorts of categories. Porsche has been able to win at the highest level of resistance , grand touring , rally , raids and cars . This vast array of victories can not presume other manufacturers with many victories as BMW or Ferrari . In the early years, because Porsche offered small-displacement engines, the victories were in his class. From the 60 overall victories arrived (while still accumulating victories class). Porsche has also been characterized in many cases has delegated responsibility for equipment and semi-private.
Porsche in rallying
The most important victories in world rally title have been the markings on the World Rally Championship of 1970 (then international championship) and victories in Paris-Dakar in 1984 and 1986. It has also obtained 20 European Championships and has won 11 mountain Targa Florio. In addition to 16 overall victories in the 24 Hours of Le Mans, where the manufacturer with more overall victories at the French circuit.
The Porsche 356 , being the first mass-produced model of the brand, of course was also the first to compete in rally, always in private hands and looking very competitive. The first victory came in 1952 in the “Rally of the midnight sun” ( Sweden ), proves that dominated perfection, then won again in 1953, 1954, 1955 and 1963. The other rally in which the 356 was noticeably served Liege – Rome -Liege, where, due to the large number of kilometers, the reliability was very important. This rally was won four times: 1952 , 1954 , 1957 and 1959 . At the wheel of a 356-proclaimed champion of Europe Helmuth Polensky in 1953 and Hans-Joachim Walter in 1961 .
Outside of Europe the 356 managed to win in its category the Carrera Panamericana in 1952 and 1953 (the victories in this race were the origin of the name used for the 356 Carrera and 911).
Porsche 911 2.0
The 911 debuted at the rally in Monte Carlo Rally of 1965 , earning a fifth. The following year changed the regulatory approvals; Porsche got approved the same model for all groups (although group 1 had been done in 912). The first victory in the top flight rally came in the Rally of Germany in 1966 . Until 1969 had 19 victories, including two Monte Carlo Rally. In 1968 Pauli Toivonen became champion of Europe and Porsche was third in the World Endurance Championship . The following year came second.
The power and the weight of 911 depended on the group that was approved. For group 5 offered 210 hp and 830 kg.
Porsche 911S 2.2 and 2.5
With the experience gained in the previous 4 years, was presented for the season 1970 the new 911S 2.2 and this time if they won the title by brand. Moreover, this season Björn Waldegard got 3 victories: Monte-Carlo, Sweden and Austria. This was the last season that the 911 had an official team, going on since then to private teams. Developed 230 hp, 2.2 and 2.5 increased to 275 hp.
Porsche 911 SC RS
In 1973 he created the World Rally Championship of the FIA , which involved the prohibition of group 5. The response was the Porsche 911 Carrera RS 2.7 for group 3. This model differed from the former for his “ducktail” due to the shape of its rear wing. RSR version was approved for group 4. Later the engine was enlarged to 3 liters, reaching 300 hp. As the factory had no official team and the Lancia Stratos ruled with an iron hand, the results were poor in the world. He could only win the Rally of Monte-Carlo in 1978 with Jean-Pierre Nicolas. However, in the hands of private pilots, won several national titles during the decade of the 70 .
In 1978, Porsche announced its replacement, the 911SC. This model involved the return of a Porsche works team, with sponsorship by Martini, for the Safari Rally in 1978 . In this debut performance was very good, only problems with the suspension Björn Waldegard deprived of victory. In the end, Porsche had to settle with the second and fourth, signing one of his best performances in Africa . Although Porsche soon became private hands, especially the French team’s Porsche Almeras, the 911SC whether it was capable of winning rally and get podiums with some regularity. Also on his resume is the European Championship with the Spanish Antonio Zanini in 1980, and the French and Spanish national championships with Bernard Beguin and Zanini.
The 911SC got the last win in the Porsche world rally was in Corsica in 1980 .
Porsche 911SC RS
This car was prepared together with Prodrive, the team currently handles the Subaru official to participate in group B in 1984. The 911SC RS was not powerful enough and rear-wheel drive was detached from the four-wheel drive, like the Audi Quattro or Peugeot 205 T16. So, this was a second row in the rally world. However, outside world in the desert, began a period of three years that Porsche’s victories were commonplace. In 1984 Porsche also debuted at the Paris-Dakar with a 4-wheel drive version of the 911 and won the first with Rene Metge and Dominique Lemoyne.
Anyway Porsche had not cared much for the development of the last 911 rally because they were more concerned with the development of 959.
The Porsche 959 was the first designed specifically thinking of the group B and the rally in general. Wheel drive and a very powerful twin-turbo capable of 600 hp, was a real beast. Presented to the public in 1984, had he debuted that year would have been the final Group B car, but did not. Porsche had to build 200 units for homologation in Group B. Due to delays in production was not achieved complete car number 200 to 1987 , when he was prohibited from group B. Unable to compete in the world, the brand did participate in the raids which were allowed prototypes. The result was excellent: in 1985 he won the Rally of the Pharaohs Saeed Al Hajri with, who won at every stage and took over 3 hours to the runner. In 1986 the 959 won the Paris-Dakar Metge-Lemoyne partner.
Porsche on the track
The honors of the mark in circuits is higher than in the world of rally and raids. Major championships in circuits obtained by the brand are:
16 wins in the 24 Hours of Le Mans
2 titles as a driver in Formula 1 with Team McLaren
26 wins in F1
14 titles in the World Endurance Championship
18 titles in the IMSA GT Championship
22 wins in the 24 Hours of Daytona
8 Long Distance World Championships
6 Championships DRM
Main article: Porsche 935
The new group 5 defined the World Endurance Championship in 1976. The new car had to come from production vehicles, both mechanically and aesthetically. In addition, to participate in the Gr.5 the car had to have been approved before in one of the lower groups. Considered that the Porsche 930/911 Turbo had a good starting point. Version first homologated for Group 4 called 934. After this he set to work with the 935.
The 935 was not, even remotely, tourism and the 911 Turbo was the roof line and the foundation of mechanics. With 2857cc. and turbo (to get into the category of 4.0 liters), began developing 600 hp in 1976 to end offering up to 850 hp. For Le Mans took place on 936, since in this race there was a 6. 934-935-936 The family is the most successful Porsche in terms of wins achieved.
Specifically, the 935 crushed all opposition existing between 1976 and 1981 totaling 41 wins in the World Endurance Championship and 63 in the IMSA GT Championship U.S.. To this is added a victory in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1979, where the 935 remaining 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd and 4 th’m 934. Accumulated 6 consecutive wins in the 24 Hours of Daytona, 5 titles in the World Endurance Championship and another 5 in the IMSA, apart from many national championships around the world.
No other car with a similar track record. Superiority was such that Porsche withdrew its works team in 1978, bored by the lack of opposition, leaving plenty of victories to reach the Porsche customer teams.
Main article: Porsche 917
The 917 comes from a change in the rules of the World Endurance Championship sponsored by the CSI (Commission Sportive Internationale) in 1968. With the new regulation came a new car class called Group 4, for which he had to produce at least 25 units of the model. Achieving this production was not a problem for the 917 Porsche development as a substitute for the 907 and 908.
In July 1968 Ferdinand Piech’s team takes over the project. For the development of the motor is started from the eight-cylinder engine of the 908 which was transformed thoroughly to obtain a 4.5-liter twelve-cylinder, which when you start shooting in the test that quickly developed 542 hp would be overcome again and again.
The 917 debuted in 1969 competing in the 1000 km of Spa]], without much success. He soon gained a reputation for fast and dangerous and lacked aerodynamic development. In training at Le Mans in 1969, marked a new track speed record with 394 km / h on the Mulsanne Straight. Already one of the riders race the 917, John Woolfe, was killed in the first round, the other two cars would also be out of action.
The first would win the 917 in the 1000 km of Austria . To solve the stability problems appeared short tail 917K. During 1970 and 1971 Porsche domination was overwhelming, of the 24 races of which involved the 917 between 1969 and 1971, claimed victory in 15 and the 908 won in four other, getting to Porsche Endurance Championship in 1970 and 1971.
A new regulation for the championship of 1972 ended the 917 in the World Manufacturers Championship. This forced him to emigrate to the U.S. Can-Am. The 917 of the Can-Am equipped with supercharger 1100 hp reached as in the last 917/30. The Can-Am got 11 wins and titles in 1972 and 1973.